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Certification of software Печать

     It is hard to imagine modern measuring instruments without the use of software, which can greatly enhance their functionality and efficiency. However, these benefits don't come without a price - using software in measuring instruments leads to risks arising from both its inherent properties and its susceptibility to external influence. To reduce these risks, software must pass through an independent validation procedure (including metrological assessment). This validation can take a form of software certification to evaluate the conformity of the software to the requirements of relevant regulatory documents.
     National and international recommendations strongly emphasize the need for testing of software of measuring instruments, e.g. WELMEC 7.2 "Software guide" and GOST R 8.596 "GSI. Metrological assurance of measuring systems. Main principles" (Russian national standard).
     The certifying body of the System is the Autonomous Nonprofit Organization Interregional Testing Centre (ANO ITC) which has authorized more than 30 centers of standardization, metrology and certification as its test laboratories.
     The procedure of software certification of measuring instruments, information-measuring systems and hardware-and-software complexes is defined in such guidelines as: MI 2891-2004 "GSI. General requirements for software of measuring instruments" and MI 2955-2005 "Standard validation methodology of software of measuring instruments and its procedure".

Rules of operation. Voluntary Certification System of software of MI and HSC.

Certification of software of measuring instruments. Presentation.

WELMEC 7.1 Informative Document. Development of Software Requirements.

MI 2891-2004. GSI. General requirements for software of measuring instruments.

OIML D-31. General requirements for software controlled measuring instruments.


Objects of voluntary certification are:
certification of software of measuring instruments, both stand-alone and built-in;
- certification of software of measuring, information-measuring, and information systems;
- certification of software of controllers and computing units;
- certification of software of control systems, including automated control systems using measuring equipment or elements of measuring systems;
- certification of software of training simulators and other simulation systems;
- certification of software used for modeling of technological processes, mathematical and other kinds of modeling;
- certification of software for the transmitting, storing, updating, protecting and accessing of measuring, computational and other information;
- certification of software of databases;
- certification of software of devices with measuring functions, including gaming machines, amusement and gambling machines, totes, virtual games, pay terminals, lottery equipment, etc.;
- certification of hardware and software complexes
, which are an inseparable system of hardware and software parts doing automated tasks and/or providing functionality for electronic information resources of information systems, such as: controllers, computing units, etc.;


The procedure of certification includes:
filing an application for certification;
- making a decision on the application for certification, which includes assigning experts from among experts of the certifying body to carry out main certification work;
- drawing up a contract for certification work;
- making a certification evaluation of software and hardware, including, when necessary, testing/inspection of software and hardware according to methods agreed upon with the applicant;
- making a decision on issuing a Certificate of compliance and authorizing the use of a compliance mark or on refusal to issue a Certificate of compliance;
- issuing a Certificate of compliance and authorizing the use of a compliance mark;
- entering the name of the applicant/manufacturer of software/hardware, as well as a list of certified software/hardware products, into the Register of the Voluntary Certification System;
making inspections of certified software/hardware.



Information requested from the applicant for the voluntary certification of software:
description of software structure, functions and data processing sequence;
- description of essential functions and parameters of the software;
- description of software algorithms, including computational algorithms and flow-charts;
- description of software modules;
- list of interfaces and commands for each interface, including a statement about their completeness;
- list, meaning and functions of all commands received from input devices (keyboard, mouse, touch-input devices, etc.);
- description of implemented software identification methods;
- description of implemented protection methods of software and data from influencing factors;
- description of user interfaces, all menus and dialogs;
- description of stored or transmitted data-sets;
- user manual for the software;
description of system requirements (if this information is not included in the user manual).

The list of documents coming with software may be adjusted through an agreement between the certifying body and the applicant.
Methods used during software certification are based on international standards and regulations. They allow to establish the compliance of software to the requirements of regulatory documents with sufficient reliability.
 
Testing of gaming machines Печать
One of the functions of the Russian Federal Agency on Technical Regulation and Metrology is federal metrological inspection and supervision over the observation of metrological rules and regulations in regard to gambling machines. This function is federally regulated to ensure the unity of measurements and the observation of legal rights and concerns of citizens while gambling. It guarantees that the player will receive the correct amount of winnings at the proper rate and will not be mislead as to the declared technical characteristics of the gambling machine, as regulated by the Civil Code of the Russian Federation (article 1026).
ITC Testing Centre of gaming machines is accredited by the Federal Agency on Technical Regulation and Metrology of the Russian Federation (Gosstandart of Russia) with a right of testing gaming machines for their type approval and inspecting gaming machines for compliance with the approved type. ITC Testing Centre is registered in the Federal Register of the accredited organizations with a No. 3990-11 (Appendix).

To receive the type approval certificate, a gaming machine should pass several stages of tests:
                    -  examination of technical documentation
                    -  experimental tests
                    -  evaluation of testing procedures and product control during the manufacturing of gaming machines

Type approval tests of gaming machines can be of two kinds: tests of batch samples and tests of single samples.
Gaming machines are tested as batch samples when they must be manufactured or imported without quantity restrictions during a specified time. In these tests only selected samples of gaming machines are tested. There should also be a mandatory evaluation of test procedures and control during the manufacturing of gaming machines.
Tests of single samples cover gaming machines of unapproved types in operation, as well as gaming machines manufactured or imported in limited quantity or as singular items. These tests are also applied to machines whose type, manufacturer or release date are unknown or missing in the relevant documentation.

To establish the compliance of a gaming machine to the approved type, several kinds of inspection may take place: initial, periodic, or occasional inspection.
             ¤ Initial inspection is applied to gaming machines at their release, after repair or when importing them. Each copy of gaming machines is subject to initial inspection.
             ¤    Periodic inspection is carried out for every copy of gaming machines of the approved type in operation. It should take place two years after the type approval tests of gaming machines. Gaming machines in long-term storage may skip periodic inspection. If inspection results are positive, every gaming machine receives a copy of the inspection report. If results are negative, a testing center issues the unserviceability report of gaming machines.
             ¤   Occasional inspection is carried out for every gaming machine in operation when the inspection seal was damaged, including damage during repair.
 
Verification of measuring instruments Печать
Verification of measuring instruments is the whole range of operations carried out by bodies of the Federal Metrological Service of the Russian Federation (and other authorized bodies) with a purpose of evaluating and confirming the compliance of measuring instruments with the established requirements. Verification of measuring instruments in Russia is regulated by the Law of the Russian Federation "On ensuring the uniformity of measurements".

Positive verification results are validated by the verification seal or verification certificate.

The form of the verification seal and the verification certificate, and the procedure of sealing are established by the Federal Agency on Technical Regulation and Metrology.

The Interstate Council on standardization, metrology and certification of the Commonwealth of Independent States has established the following kinds of verification:

  • Initial verification is carried out at the release of a measuring instrument from manufacturing, after repair, when selling or importing in batches.
  • Periodic verification is used for measuring instruments which are in operation or storage. It is done after set periods of time.
  • Occasional verification is carried out before the time of periodic verification of a measuring instrument.
  • Inspection verification is performed by a body of the Federal Metrological Service as a part of the federal supervision of conditions and applications of measuring instruments.
  • Complete verification evaluates metrological characteristics of a measuring instrument as a whole.
  • Feature-based verification derives metrological characteristics of a measuring instrument from characteristics of its parts.
  • Sampling verification refers to verification of several measuring instruments, randomly selected from a batch. The whole batch is then evaluated according to the sample results.
 


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